Many marijuana horticulturists manage a perpetual garden. This means once one crop is harvested, there is certainly another crop to take its place and the grow cycle continues uninterrupted. So that you can have a perpetual garden with no errors, a grower must master the ability of cloning his or her marijuana plants. Cloning is the preferred method of propagation for marijuana cloning techniques because it ensures a genetic duplicate of the plant from which the cutting or clone was taken.
Cloning also allows a grower to continuously propagate female plants and seedless female flowers are what most marijuana horticulturists want to grow. In addition, it allows a marijuana grower to continuously grow the very best strains for particular environment. Quite simply, each time a grower finds a plant which includes the required attributes (top quality, high yielding, etc.), he or she can clone that plant and make a complete garden of this strain. There are a number of cloning techniques which can be used, but all share the same goal: to produce healthy young plants with established root systems that can be placed into the vegetative stage of growth.
Deciding on the Mother Plant – The first step a cannabis grower must take in the cloning process is deciding on a mother plant. Aside from obtaining the desirable qualities which make the grower want to clone it, the mom plant needs to be healthy and free of stresses, diseases, pests and pathogens. The reason being once you clone a plant, the resulting clones can retain any conditions that were affecting the mom plant at the time of cloning. Put yet another way, when the grower requires a clone from a poor mother plant, odds are good that the clone can also be unhealthy. A great guideline is to closely examine a mother plant a few days just before cloning. Make sure you look closely for insect damage, molds or fungi and check the overall health of the leaves. Most cannabis growers like to take clones from a mother plant though it may be in the vegetative stage of growth. Clones obtained from a mom plant within the later stages of fruiting or flowering will often lead to lower success rates.
Cloning Marijuana if you take Cuttings – The process of cloning marijuana plants if you take cuttings is pretty easy. Cloning through taking cuttings is precisely what it sounds like: a cutting or a section is extracted from the mom plant which section is transformed into a new, individual plant. For the majority of plant varieties, this entails cutting a small section off one of the branches (usually 2-6 inches long) and placing the cut end right into a clone medium. Unlike other areas of the marijuana garden, cloning doesn’t require plenty of equipment. Actually, many cannabis growers claim a really basic clone create is the most effective. A fundamental clone setup might include a maximum of a propagation tray, humidity dome, seedling heat mat and a medium conducive to rooting.
Making the Cut – When taking cuttings, it is best to produce a 45 degree angle cut just above a node site (where a leaf or branch attaches for the main stem). After making the cut, the cutting should immediately be dipped in cloning solution or gel and placed to the clone medium.
Although some could be cloned in straight water, many marijuana varieties develop roots faster when put into some kind of inert grow medium intended for root development. Stonewool, coco fiber, peat moss, perlite and clay pebbles are examples of inert media that cannabis growers can use to root clones. There are even some specific clone media products on the market. Some cannabis gardeners elect to place the freshly cut clones in to a light soil mix for rooting. In several ways the medium chosen is personal preference. As long as the medium has the capacity to hold some moisture and provide oxygen towards the developing roots, it should work all right.
Atmospheric Conditions (Temperature and Humidity) – Unstable atmospheric conditions may be the biggest reason behind cloning failure by novice growers. A temperature range of 72-80 degrees F for marijuana clones is normally optimal. If obtaining these conditions within the greenhouse or indoor garden is not possible, it might be necessary to make a specific cloning area elsewhere. Maintaining uheram uniform temperature is probably the single largest contributing factor for cloning success. If the temperature gets too hot, the clones may wilt and die before creating roots. If the temperature gets too cold, the clones may enter a state of suspended animation and never make the root systems they should become individual plants. For growers using propagation trays for cloning, seedling heat mats are the most useful tools for maintaining the proper temperature.